ERG SES G 13, Primary Education and Teaching
Bullying was once classified as being physical, verbal, direct and indirect (Smith et al., 2008). However, recent developments in technology and current technology-centered lifestyle have brought a different type of bullying called as "cyberbullying" (Akbaba & Eroğlu, 2013). Cyberbullying is the intentional act of harrasing of others by individuals or groups using technology as a mean (Belsey, 2007; Calvete, Orue, Estévez, Villardón, & Padilla 2010). Cyberbullying has created serious problems, notably psychological distress, among people. Therefore it is of great significance to take serious measures to overcome cyberbullying (Beale & Hall, 2007). To do this, it is required to thoroughly investigate possible variables that may correlate with cyberbullying (Demir & Seferoğlu, 2016). Therefore, in this study, it was aimed to determine the relationship between cyberbullying and perceived social support, which is considered as one of the potential reasons for cyberbullying (Calvete et al., 2010; Demeray & Malecki, 2003; Park, Na & Kim, 2014). Perceived social support is defined as the perception an individual has of being loved, cared for and valued by others (Demaray & Malecki, 2003). Moreover, it was also aimed to determine if cyberbullying differs across gender, grade and frequency of internet use.
Akbaba, S., & Eroğlu, Y. (2013). İlköğretim öğrencilerinde siber zorbalık ve mağduriyetin yordayıcıları. Uludağ Üniversitesi EF Dergi, 26(1), 105-121. Arıcak, O. T., Kınay, H., & Tanrıkulu, T. (2012). Siber Zorbalık Ölçeği'nin İlk Psikometrik Bulguları. Hasan Ali Yücel EF Dergi, 9(1), 101-114. Baldry, A. C., & Farrington, D. P. (1999). Brief report: types of bullying among Italian school children. Journal of adolescence, 22(3), 423-426. Beale, A. V., & Hall, K. R. (2007). Cyberbullying: What school administrators (and parents) can do. The Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas, 81(1), 8-12. Belsey, B. (2007). Cyberbullying: a real and growing threat. ATA Magazine, 88(1), 14–21. Bingül, N., & Tanrıkulu, T. (2014). Siber Zorba Ve Mağdur Olma İle Algılanan Sosyal Destek Düzeyi Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi. Akademik Bakış Dergisi, 43. Calvete, E., Orue, I., Estévez, A., Villardón, L., & Padilla, P. (2010). Cyberbullying in adolescents: Modalities and aggressors’ profile. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(5), 1128-1135. Çetin, B., Yaman, E., & Peker, A. (2011). Cyber victim and bullying scale: A study of validity and reliability. Computers & Education, 57(4), 2261-2271. Demaray, M. K., & Malecki, C. K. (2003). Perceptions of the frequency and importance of social support by students classified as victims, bullies, and bully/victims in an urban middle school. School Psychology Review, 32(3), 471-490. Demir, Ö., & Seferoğlu, S.S. (2016). Bilgi okuryazarlığı, internet bağımlılığı, sanal aylaklık ve çeşitli diğer değişkenlerin sanal zorbalık ile ilişkisinin incelenmesi. Technology Addiction & Cyberbullying, 3(1), 1-26. Fraenkel, J.R., Wallen, N.E., & Hyun, H.H. (2012). How to design and evaluate researchin education. New York: Mc. Graw-Hill. Inc. Heiman, T., Olenik-Shemesh, D., & Eden, S. (2015). Cyberbullying involvement among students with ADHD: relation to loneliness, self-efficacy and social support. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 30(1). Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2008). Cyberbullying: An exploratory analysis of factors related to offending and victimization. Deviant behavior, 29(2). Park, S., Na, E. Y., & Kim, E. M. (2014). The relationship between online activities, netiquette and cyberbullying. Children and youth services review, 42. Seals, D., & Young, J. (2003). Bullying and victimization: Prevalence and relationship to gender, grade level, ethnicity, self-esteem, and depression. Adolescence, 38(152). Smith, P. K., Mahdavi, J., Carvalho, M., Fisher, S., Russell, S., & Tippett, N. (2008). Cyberbullying: Its nature and impact in secondary school pupils. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, 49(4). Yıldırım, İ. (2004). Algılanan sosyal destek ölçeğinin revizyonu. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 17.
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