23 SES 10 C, Transitions to Secondary and Higher Education in Europe: An Equity Perspective
French studies on inequalities of access to higher education (HE) have focused either on the influence of students’ social background or on their school trajectories (Duru-Bellat, Kieffer 2008). While one statistical analysis found significant differences between students’ HE choices according to the secondary schools attended (Nakhili 2005), none has opened the “black box” of what goes on within schools. This was the aim of our ethnographic study of 4 secondary schools in the Parisian region. These schools were chosen according to various criteria: location (poor or rich areas) status (public or private), types of tracks provided (academic, technical, vocational) and students’ academic, social and ethnic profiles. The two-year fieldwork in each school included: observations of quarterly “class councils” and of all meetings and activities related to the transition to HE, interviews with students, teachers, headteachers, other school personnel and parents and the analysis of all relevant statistical and qualitative written data. Inspired by the work of McDonough (1997) and Reay et al. (2005), our theoretical framework combines closure theory (Parkin 1974), with a view to document traditional and new ways in which educational institutions contribute to the reproduction of inequalities (Bourdieu, Passeron 1977), and neo-institutionalist theories used to analyze the links between schools and higher education institutions (Hill 2008) and the recreation of low or high status educational tracks (Kingston and Lewis 1990). The presentation will focus on the ways in which schools’ external environments and internal characteristics influence school professionals’ conceptions of students’ futures and the preparation and advice they provide to encourage students’ access to and success in HE.
Bourdieu P., Passeron J.C. 1977. Reproduction in Education, Society and Culture, Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. Duru-Bellat M., Kieffer A. 2008. Du baccalauréat à l’enseignement supérieur : déplacement et recomposition des inégalités. Population, 63(1), 123-157. Hill L. 2008. School strategies and the college-linking process: Reconsidering the effects of high schools on college enrollment. Sociology of Education, 81, 53-76. Kingston P., Lewis L. (1990) (eds.). The High-Status Track. Studies of Elite Schools and Stratification. New York: SUNY. McDonough P. 1997. Choosing Colleges: How Social Class and Schools Structure Opportunity, Albany, SUNY. Nakhili N. 2005. Impact du contexte scolaire dans l’élaboration des choix d’études supérieures. Éducation et formations, 72, 155-167. Parkin F., 1974. The Social Analysis of Class Structure, London: Tavistock. Reay D., David M., Ball, S.J. (2005). Degrees of Choice. Social Class, Race and Gender in Higher Education, London: Trentham.
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
Network 13. Philosophy of Education
Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
Network 19. Ethnography
Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
Network 22. Research in Higher Education
Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
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