09 SES 05.5 PS, General Poster Session
General Poster Session
Most countries’ educational systems strive to provide equal opportunities for different groups to participate in the educational process, regardless of their social, ethnical, or regional background. Indeed, inequalities in opportunities, access and quality of education have historically been reduced (Baker & Le Tendre, 2005), and some findings suggest that in most countries inequality in educational attainment declined in the last few decades (e.g. Thomas, Wang & Fan, 2011). Several comprehensive studies examined inequality in school attainment and its’ correlates (e.g. Thomas, Wang, & Fan, 2002; Ram, 1990). The other group of researchers is interested in inequality of students’ achievement, and they mostly encourage obtaining results from large scale international knowledge assessments like PISA or TIMMS. However, inequality of educational achievement on the national level was considered as inherent to educational system, attributed to characteristics of individual and thus unlikely to be eliminated. In our opinion, equality of national educational achievement should also be achieved to some extent, in particular to retain educational standards, and maintain equivalent school effectiveness level. This is especially important because marked regional differences and differences in urbanization level within countries produce significant educational inequalities (e.g. Qian & Smyth, 2005; Tomul, 2011). Individual educational differences are especially important at the primary education level, since it is likely that the disparities formed during earlier educational stages persist or even strengthen in further education (Coleman, 1990). Accordingly, we believe that inequality in school achievement in early educational stages can produce even bigger inequalities in school attainment during later educational path.
The conceptualization of this study originated from our earlier studies in which we have examined a number of determinants of primary education in Croatia (Babarovic, Burusic, & Sakic, 2009; Burusic, Babarovic, Sakic, 2009; Burusic, Babarovic, & Seric, 2012; Burusic, Sakic, Babarovic, & Devic, 2013; Sakic, Burusic, & Babarovic, 2013). We have found marked educational gaps on the personal level, on the level of certain social groups of students as well as inequalities that occur between administrative and territorial units within Croatia. We became aware that educational achievement inequalities exist, and the goal of this study is to identify the extent of these inequalities within and between Croatian regions. Furthermore, we want to examine some correlates and possible determinants of the observed educational inequalities and relate it to other comparable findings (e.g. Mont, 2011; Ferreira & Gignoux, 2011).
Allison, P.D. (1978). Measures of inequality, American Sociological Review, 43(6), 865-880. Babarovic, T., Burusic, J., & Sakic, M. (2009). Uspješnost predviđanja obrazovnih postignuća učenika osnovnih škola Republike Hrvatske [Prediction of educational achievements of primary school pupils in the Republic of Croatia]. Društvena istraživanja, 4-5(102-103), 673-695. Burusic, J., Babarovic, T., & Sakic, M. (2009). Odrednice uspješnosti osnovnih škola u Republici Hrvatskoj: Rezultati empirijske provjere. [Determinants of school effectiveness in primary schools in the Republic of Croatia: Results of empirical investigation]. Društvena istraživanja, 4-5(102-103), 605-624. Burusic, J., Babarovic, T., Seric, M. (2012). Differences in elementary school achievement between girls and boys: Does the teacher gender play a role? European Journal of Psychology of Education. 27, 3. (in press). Burusic, J., Sakic, M., Babarovic, T. & Devic, I. (2013). School achievement in urban and rural areas in Croatia: Is the quality of education equal for all? In: Boufoy-Bastick, Beatrice (Ed.). Cultures of Educational Policies. Strasbourg: Analytrics. (in press). Castellò, A, and Doménech, R. (2002), ”Human Capital Inequality and Economic Growth: Some New Evidence”, Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(478): C187-C200, Coleman, J. S. (1990). Equality and achievement in education. Boulder, CO: Westview. Ferreira, F.H.G., & Gignoux, J. (2011). The measurement of Educational Inequality: Achievement and Opportunity, IZA DP No. 6161. Montt, G. (2011). Cross-national differences in educational achievement inequality. Sociology of Education, 84(1) 49–68. Ram, R. (1990). Educational Expansion and Schooling Inequality: international evidence and some implications. The Review of Economics and Statistics 72(2), pp.266-74. Sakic, M., Burusic, J., Babarovic, T. (2013). The relation between school entrance age and school achievement during primary schooling: Evidence from Croatian primary schools. British Journal of Educational Psychology. 83(4), 672-689 Thomas, V,. Wang, Y., & Fan, X. (2002). A new dataset on inequality in education: Gini and Theil indices of schooling for 140 countries, 1960-2000 University. [Online]: Retrieved on 20-April,2008, at URL: http://www33.brinkster.com/yanwang2/EducGini -revised10-25-02.pdf Thomas, V., Wang, Y., & Fan, X. (2001). Measuring Education Inequality: Gini Coefficients of Education, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2525
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
Network 13. Philosophy of Education
Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
Network 19. Ethnography
Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
Network 22. Research in Higher Education
Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
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