Author(s):Benedicte Gendron (presenting)

Conference:ECER 2017

Network:02. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)


Session Information

02 SES 09 B, Learning and Adaptation of Students and Apprentices

Paper Session



Chair:Johanna Lahja Lasonen


Emotional capital and Enabling’s Education & Schools, the Emergency of reforming Education : From research to educational Changes

Context and theoritical framework: The heart of schools and universities’ ethos and core values is the children  and students’ well-being and success: understanding, caring for and developing strong positive relationships and helping at revealing each person’s potential and developing quality education. The education goals and curriculum objectives are selected to develop competencies that are vital to the children and students' current and future lives in the school, university, home and community and workplace as well. Classroom practice is continuously reviewed in the context of ensuring that children and students are developing according to the values promoted by the organisation (school, university…). Measurement of teaching effectiveness and programmes are the primary features in the delivery of education to each child and student in the classroom. Measurement is also a key feature in designing all plans that support the kids and students’ development in the classroom and other settings. To end, school as universities aim to provide an optimal and inclusive education, thereby ensuring children and students centred ,evidenced based approach while at the same time, celebrating the uniqueness of each child and person : promoting their uniqueness, talents and their mutual enrichment from their singular diversity.

Inspired from Sen macro-approach of capabilities, in an individual perspective this is what Gendron (2016) names « enabling education » and « enabling organizations, schools or universities... ». Gendron is looking at how schools and universities and their collaborators are or must be nowadays in an context of hyper-modernity,  "enabling environments" as "enabling manager" or "enabling teachers or educators". Thus, all dimensions such as assessments procedures, gestures, attitudes, teaching and management styles, classroom and school’s managements play an important role in promoting learning while enabling educators, teachers or head teachers make informed decisions about kids and students progression and attainment of skills and knowledge within enabling education spaces. To prepare this new generation of enabling teachers, head teachers, educators, or managers...they must develop their emotional capital. 

Question : Given the increasing diversity of children and students, there is a need to question how enabling educators and teachers and related organisations (schools, universities....) can support every child and student’ wellbeing and success ? Also, what do we do as enabling educators or teachers to support children and students’ wellbeing and to respond new needs? Thus, there is a need and emergency to generate a constructive discussion about how and what other types of pedagogy, teaching styles, attitudes and assessments, and schools and universities management can be used to create enabling spaces to let students and children grow. In this presentation, those issues will be discussed and illustrated by successful evidence base examples from freshmen students competences development and creativity via active pedagogies. The outcomes underlined the emergency and faisability of educational pedagogy changes at enabling people to change themselves and then, the society by developing emotional capital programs.


around 300 Freshmen future teachers' students in sciences of education went through an experimental educational program based on PIA2 project management (Gessler & Uhlig-Schoenian, 2013) and on a mindful educational program- ACT' (Acceptance and Commitment Training) inspired from Hayes, Strosahl, Wilson (1999), both combined aiming at developing students' emotional capital, supporting enabling their potentials and capabilities.

Research funds : from the French National Agency of Research (ANR)
Starting and ending date research funds and program: september 2012- june 2019
Scientifics' background : Positive psychology and HRD economics background

Methodology of data collection :
Type of research : Experimental-action research
Test and evaluation : Biofeedback tests (cortisol and electromyogram),
Psychological and psychometrics tests (TEIQUE, MAAS, AAQ...)
PIA2 evaluation grids and daily personal journals, teams' log books

Methodology of data analysis :
- Quantitative data analysis : SPSS, NVivo analysis
- Qualitative data analysis : Alceste

Expected Outcomes

The outcomes of the research led since 2014 in an experimental manner show the emergency and faisability of educational pedagogy changes at enabling people to change themselves and then, the society by developing emotional capital programs. Precisely, students show a better positive regulations of their emotions. They have developed their self-awareness and a more acurate self-esteem. Regarding social emotional competencies, they have a better understanding and acceptance of people or classmate's for instance ideas and thoughts differences. They accept their own and others' limits and enhance their own and other strengh in a mutual respect. They realized that cooperation overcomes competition in performance outcomes..This research shows that enabling environnements using active pedagogies allow students to highlight their potential and to work in team in a trusty and benevolent atmosphere enabling people to be creative and in a happy successful learning process.


Gessler, M. & Uhlig-Schoenian, J. (2013): Projektmanagement macht Schule
Ein handlungsorientierter Leitfaden für den Unterricht in der Sekundarstufe II, 6. Auflage
Gendron B. (2016), Management des risques psycho-sociaux et Capital émotionnel pour une qualité de vie au travail et vers des organisations capacitantes : essai réflexif et intervention sur le stress dans le monde du soin et de l’éducation via une approche de la pleine conscience, de l'acceptation et de l'engagement et de management de projet, Thèse de Doctorat Psychologie Sp. Neuropsychologie & psychopathologie, Université Paul-Valéry, Montpellier 3, France.
Gendron B., Kouremenou, Eleni-Sofia, Rusu, Carmen (2016), Emotional capital development, positive psychology and mindful teaching : which links ?, International Journal of Emotional Education, Volume 8 Issue 1.
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Author Information

Benedicte Gendron (presenting)
université paul-valéry Montpellier 3
université paul-valéry Montpellier 3