The Presence of European Pedagogues in Presentations of History of Education in Slovene Pedagogical Periodicals 1880–1925
The contribution traces the presence of pedagogical classics and analyses of their pedagogical standpoints in Slovene pedagogical periodicals from the end of the 19th to the beginning of the 20th century. This is the period preceding World War I that brought about also the end of Austria-Hungary, the multinational central European Habsburg empire, in which Slovenes lived in several lands and then after 1918 the period of its successor states, four of which included also Slovene population. The survey addresses the question how ideational orientation of teaching or pedagogical periodicals was reflected also in the discussion of history of education or specific important European pedagogues. Articles on J. A. Comenius/Komensky, J.-J. Rousseau but also on J. H. Pestalozzi, J. F. Herbart and others German-speaking pedagogues marked various anniversaries and publishing of books; occasional entries presented the subject of inscriptions on school premises. The question is whether in Slovene periodicals the inclination toward respective standpoints of pedagogical classics was to a greater degree influenced by a general Slavic orientation or predominately by liberal-Catholic disputes in questions of education and upbringing that were in 1869 outlined in the liberal Austrian Education Act.
At the end of the 19th century liberal cultural orientation prevailed among Slovene teachers and such became also the central teacher journal »Učiteljski tovariš/Teachers Comrade« (published from 1861 onward) that was considered their topical political gazette. We shall also assess the position of the journal »Popotnik/ Traveller, pedagogical journal« (published from 1880 onwards) alongside the discussion of the European history of education. To what extent did it remain a scientific journal since it was published by an association of teacher societies that at the end of the 19th century took a liberal turn? The position of Pedagoški letopis/Pedagoški zbornik / Pedagogical Yearbook/Pedagogical Bulletin published from 1900 by Slovenska šolska matica/ Slovenian Pedagogical Society could be also interesting with some presentations of prominent European pedagogues. On the Catholic side, a new journal »Slovenski učitelj/Slovenian Teracher« was first published in 1899 as a gazette of the society »Slomškova zveza/Slomšek's Union«. This duality enables an estimation of the mode in which liberal or catholic orientation of pedagogical periodicals was accompanied also by different emphases in writings on the European history of education and pedagogy. What were the differences that were brought about by the period following World War I with its new borders that split Slovenes into four states (Yugoslavia, Italy, Austria, Hungary)? How noticeable are differences in the issues of the European history of education in Slovene pedagogical periodicals that were published in Italy (»Učiteljski list/Teachers Journal«, 1920-1926) and those that continued to be published in the Yugoslav part of Slovenia?
The comparative analysis of presence of european pedagogues in pedagogical periodicals in Slovenian language is based on the journals (Učiteljski tovariš/Teachers Comrade 1861-1941, Popotnik/Traveller, pedagogical journal 1880-1941, Slovenski učitelj/Slovenian Teacher 1899-1944 and Učiteljski list/Teachers Journal 1920-1926) published in the period of Habsburg Empire and the first Yugoslav state, the publications and arcticles on this topic.
A comparative overview of the development of presentation of prominent European pedagogues presents the basic knowledge on different pedagogical ideas in Slovene speaking teachers comunity in Austrian provinces on the south of Austro-Hungarian Monarchy and later in the north-west part of Yugoslavia, in particular efforts to make the personalities of pedagogical past relevant to the modern education from the 1880s to the 1920s.
Education journals and bibliography: Učiteljski tovariš / Teachers Comrade 1861-1841; Slovenski učitelj / Slovenian teacher 1899-1944; Popotnik, Traveller, pedagogical journal 1880-1941. – Popotnik - Sodobna pedagogika 1880-1980. Bibliografsko kazalo [Traveller - Contemporary Pedagogy. Bibliography], T. Hojan, A. Perkič, A. Vovko, Ljubljana 1983. – Pedagoški letopis/Pedagoški zbornik // Pedagogical Yearbook/Pedagogical Bulletin 1900-1941 published by Slovenska šolska matica/Slovenian Pedagogical Society; Učiteljski list. Bibliografsko kazalo / Teachers Journal. Bibliography 1920-1926, Ljubljana 1991. - Digital Library of Slovenia http://www.dlib.si. –
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